Transformative Education
for Health Professionals

Faculty development

Recommendation 1

Health professionals’ education and training institutions should consider designing and implementing continuing professional development programmes for faculty and teaching staff relevant to the evolving health-care needs of their communities.

Quality of the evidence: Moderate

Strength of the recommendation: Conditional

We recommend the option in the context of close monitoring and evaluation

Key considerations:

  • the promotion and reward of teachers and trainers should consider taking into account their participation in such programmes
  • understand the institutional / organizational culture
  • determine appropriate goals and priorities
  • conduct needs assessments to ensure relevant programming
  • develop different programmes to accommodate diverse needs
  • incorporate principles of adult learning and instructional design
  • offer a diversity of educational methods
  • promote ‘buy-in’ and market effectively
  • work to overcome commonly encountered challenges
  • prepare staff developers
  • evaluate and demonstrate effectiveness
  • provide and offer peer programme consultation to enhance faculty development initiatives.

Recommendation 2

Governments, funders and accrediting bodies should consider supporting the implementation of higher education policies for mandatory faculty development programmes that are relevant to the evolving healthcare needs of their communities.

Quality of the evidence: Low

Strength of the recommendation: Conditional

We recommend the option in the context of close monitoring and evaluation

Key considerations:

  • determine appropriate goals and priorities
  • conduct needs assessments to ensure relevant programming
  • develop different programmes to accommodate diverse needs
  • incorporate principles of adult learning and instructional design
  • offer a diversity of educational methods
  • promote ‘buy-in’ and market effectively
  • evaluate and demonstrate effectiveness.

Recommendation 3

Health professionals’ education and training institutions should consider innovative expansion of faculty, through the recruitment of community-based clinicians and health workers as educators.

Quality of the evidence: Low

Strength of the recommendation: Conditional

We recommend the option in the context of close monitoring and evaluation

Key considerations:

  • these educators must come from and be based in the context in which health professionals are needed, in order to ensure socially accountable training;
  • up-skilling and in-service education (faculty development) for these educators is a critical need as part of the implementation;
  • there needs to be a support structure for the scaling up of educators. Without better infrastructure or ensuring the right level of relevant training with supervision and/or mentoring, there may only be temporary benefits.